Located on the shores of the Gulf of Papua, Port Moresby is the most populous city in Papua New Guinea — and the South Pacific. Historically made up of tribal peoples making their living from the sea, Port Moresby did not begin to develop as a Westernized city until the late 19th century. In 1975, Britain’s Prince Charles was present for the official ceremonies marking Papua New Guinea’s independence, with Port Moresby becoming its capital city. While here, perhaps you’ll admire the mosaic façade of the National Parliament House, inhale the fragrance of tropical blooms at the Port Moresby Nature Park, or marvel at the depth and diversity of the local culture at the National Museum and Art Gallery.